Image by nrd

CLIMATE

Uganda is sunny most of the year with temperatures rarely rising above 29 degrees (84 degrees Fahrenheit). The average annual temperature is about 26 degrees Celsius (78° Fahrenheit)..

SOIL

The country’s soil conditions are well suited for agriculture. Fertility of soil can be improved by many ways such as soil mixing, steam sterilization, crop rotation etc.

RAIN

The rainy season is from March till May and October till November.Most areas of Uganda have usually received plenty of rain. In some years, small areas of the southeast and southwest have averaged more than 150 millimeters per month.

LAND AND LABOUR COST

In the rural areas of Uganda price for one acre land ranges from 1500USD to 2500 USD. A person working in Gardening / Farming / Fishing in Uganda typically earns around 400 USD per month.

Image by Glenn Carstens-Peters

MAJOR

CROPS

  1. Plantains

  2. Cassava

  3. Sweet potatoes

  4. Sorghum

  5. Corn

  6. Beans

  7. Irish potato

  8. Ground nuts. 

Wheat and rice can be grown in almost all areas of the country. Maize can be grown twice a year (utilizing the bimodal rainfall opportunity) and continuously as long as it gives reasonable yield. In many parts of the country, maize is intercropped with beans, soybeans or groundnuts.

Image by Jeremy Cai

FISH

FARMING

Uganda produces up to 15000 ton of fish from aquaculture, including production from small-scale fish farmers, emerging commercial fish farmers and stocked community water reservoirs and minor lakes. The most common production systems are extensive and semi-intensive pond based aquaculture systems. Nile tilapia, North African catfish, common carp etc are most cultured fishes. Pond culture is the most common system in the country.

Image by Max Itin

Cattle provide 

  1. income

  2. food

  3. draft power

  4. insurance 

  5. savings

  6. social capital and other goods and services to the population.

Image by Will Kirk

LIVESTOCK

 58% of the households depend on the livestock for their livelihood. This includes 

  1. Cattle

  2. Goats

  3. Sheep

  4. Poultry

  5. rabbits 

  6. pigs. 

About 90% of cattle and poultry are native. Livestock and poultry are for dairy products, eggs, meat and meat products and also for manure in agriculture.

Goat rearing can be done for meat as the meat has a large market in Uganda and it can also be reared for 

  1. milk

  2. manure

  3. the skin

  4. fiber.

Image by Kim Gorga

Poultry is synonymous with chicken as the number of turkeys, ducks and other domesticated birds is insignificant in the country. They provide food (meat and eggs) and income and can be easily sold in time of need, for example to pay doctor’s fees or purchase medicines.